The Holy Month of Ramadan is here and so is the curiosity of many for the mosques. These buildings which’s destiny is to be home of Allah and faith, vary from the simplest to the greatest. Below is to be represented shortly the story and architectural development of mosques in Turkey.
The most seasoned mosque inside the outskirts of Turkey is the Ulu Cami (Great Mosque) of Diyarbakir, going back to the seventh century with a few later rebuilding efforts.
Other early incredible mosques are in Urfa, Cizre, Silvan, Mardin, Kiziltepe, Bitlis, Harput, Niksar, and Kayseri. Presumably the most significant Seljuk work is the Old Mosque in Konya, going back to 1155.
For a few centuries, the Seljuk mosques were of the basilica type with the Great Mosque of Divrigi (image in diagonal below) giving an eminent model. The style at that point progressed from square volume to round ones like a vault, squinches or groups of triangles.
Later Ottoman Period Mosques
Later Ottoman Turks presented all the more clearing developments yet additionally utilized components customarily utilized in Asia, for example, the squinch. Significant advancements to the improvement of Ottoman engineering from this period are kulliye (the social/religious complex) arranged around the mosque and the reception of half-vault as a noteworthy basic component for structure Great Mosques. The two ideas were presented by the complex of Fatih in Istanbul, somewhere in the range of 1462 and 1470.
The complex of Fatih comprised of a mosque, sixteen madrasahs (Quran schools), a library, an emergency clinic (Dar us Sifa), a lodging, an open kitchen (imaret), a parade saray, and the mausolea of Fatih Mehmet and his better half. His child Beyazit II proceeded in this custom and manufactured three buildings (Istanbul, Edirne, and Amasya). The greatest one in Edirne, worked in 1484-1488, contained a mosque, two hospices, an extensive open kitchen, an eating lobby, bread kitchen, storage facility for sustenance, a therapeutic school, a medical clinic, a psychological shelter, among different offices.
Indeed, even a progressively fabulous and grand case of Ottoman engineering was yet to come be that as it may. The Suleymaniye, in Istanbul, structured and worked by Architect Sinan (Koca Mimar Sinan) in just seven years beginning in 1550, is the greatest and most complex artful culmination of its sort. Sinan commanded his century with a few several extensive and great gems, for example, Selimiye Mosque in Edirne with its huge 31.5m measurement arch.