The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were a gathering of astounding structures recorded by different Greek writers, remarkable figures such as Antipater of Sidon and Philo of Byzantium. The exemplary rundown included seven marvels situated in the Eastern Mediterranean.
1. Great Pyramid of Giza, El Giza, Egypt
The last existing piece of these marvellous constructions, visited daily by millions of tourists, The Great Pyramid of Giza is an icon. The Great Pyramid comprises of an expected 2.3 million squares which most accept to have been transported from adjacent quarries. The Tura limestone utilized for the packaging was quarried over the waterway. The biggest rock stones in the pyramid, found in the “King’s” chamber, gauge 25 to 80 tons and were transported from Aswan, in excess of 800 km (500 mi) away.
Old Egyptians cut stone into unpleasant squares by pounding into common stone faces grooves for wooden wedges, at that point splashing these with water. As the water was assimilated the wedges extended, severing useful pieces. When they were cut, they were conveyed by pontoon either up or down the Nile River to the pyramid. It is assessed that 5.5 million tons of limestone, 8,000 tons of stone (imported from Aswan), and 500,000 tons of mortar were utilized in the development of the Great Pyramid.
2. Colossus of Rhodes, in Rhodes, on the Greek Island of the Same Name
The Colossus of Rhodes was a tremendous statue of the sun god Helios which remained by the city’s harbour in a 33m long height from c. 280 BCE, a standout amongst the most significant exchanging ports the old Mediterranean. Made by the neighborhood stone worker Chares utilizing bronze, the statue before long showed up on contemporary travel author’s arrangements of must-see locates and was therefore known as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Unfortunately, the mammoth Helios did not keep going long. Toppled by a seismic tremor in 228 or 226 BCE, its huge broken pieces jumbled the docks of Rhodes for a thousand years before being liquefied down as scrap in the mid-seventh century CE.
3. Hanging Gardens of Babylon, in Babylon, Near Present-day Hillah, Babil Province, in Iraq
A marvel to the old voyager’s eyes: this is how the City of Babylon, built during the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II was. “Notwithstanding its size,” composed Herodotus, a Greek antiquarian in 450 BC, “Babylon outperforms in magnificence any city in the known world.”
Herodotus said the external dividers were 56 miles long, 80 feet thick and 320 feet high. Wide enough, he stated, to permit two four-horse chariots to pass one another. The city additionally had internal dividers which were “not so thick as the first, however scarcely less solid.” Inside these twofold dividers were fortifications and sanctuaries containing colossal statues of strong gold. Transcending the city was the well-known Tower of Babel, a sanctuary to the god Marduk, that appeared to reach to the sky.
4. Lighthouse of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt
Lighthouse of Alexandria, likewise called Pharos of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the World and the most celebrated beacon in days of yore. It was a mechanical triumph and is the prime example of all beacons since. Worked by Sostratus of Cnidus, maybe for Ptolemy I Soter, it was done during the reign of Soter’s child Ptolemy II of Egypt in around 280 BCE.
The beacon remained on the island of Pharos in the harbor of Alexandria and is said to have been in excess of 350 feet (110 meters) high; the main taller man-made structures at the time would have been the pyramids of Giza. Quite a bit of what is thought about the structure of the beacon originates from a 1909 work by Hermann Thiersch, Pharos, antike, Islam und Occident. As per the old sources counseled by Thiersch, the beacon was worked in three phases, all slanting marginally internal; the least was square, the following octagonal, and the top tube shaped. An expansive winding incline prompted the top, where a flame consumed around evening time.
5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, in Halicarnassus, Achaemenid Empire, Modern Day Turkey
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus worked in c. 351 BCE served as the tomb of the Persian Satrap Mausolus. Mausolus picked Halicarnassus as his capital city, and he and his darling spouse Artemisia put it all on the line to make a city whose excellence would be unmatched on the planet. Mausolus kicked the bucket in 353 BCE and Artemisia wished to make a last resting spot deserving of such an incredible ruler. Artemisia kicked the bucket two years after Mausolus and her fiery debris were buried with his in the tomb (Pliny the Elder records that the specialists proceeded with work on the structure after her demise, both as a tribute to their patroness and realizing the work would bring them enduring popularity).
The tomb was 135 feet (41 m) tall and luxuriously designed with fine model. It was wrecked by a progression of seismic tremors and lay in ruin for a long time until, in 1494 CE, it was totally disassembled and utilized by the Knights of St. John of Malta in the structure of their château at Bodrum (where the old stones can even now be seen today). It is from the tomb of Mausolus that the English word ‘mausoleum’ is inferred.
6. Statue of Zeus at Olympia, in Olympia, Greece
History has not left us any remnants of this statue, it has been crushed, and there are not very many portrayals going back to the time it existed, which makes it one of the wonders somewhat separated, for which questions stay about the truth of its structure, the situation of Zeus, its characteristics, etc.
This sanctuary was finished in – 457. It gauged 64.12 m by 27.68 and was the biggest of all territory Greece. It served for love until 397 AD, when the Roman Emperor Theodosius declared the restricting of polytheistic faction and prohibited the Games. In the sixth century AD it endured the torments of a seismic tremor and was totally decimated. Overlooked, the sanctuary was covered by hundreds of years of residue stores.
7. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, in Ephesus (Near the Modern Town of Selçuk in Present-day Turkey)
At its zenith, the temple counted 127 columns; today, the only way to get any sense of its grandeur is to visit Didyma’s better-preserved Temple of Apollo (which had a ‘mere’ 122 columns).The temple was damaged by flooding – the surrounds are still frequently covered with water in spring – and various invaders during its 1000-year lifespan, but it was always rebuilt – a sign of the great love and attachment Ephesians felt for their fertility goddess (Diana to the Romans), whose cult brought tremendous wealth to the city from pilgrims and benefactors who included the greatest kings and emperors of their day.
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